References

  1. Krajbich, Ivan: Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. In JACPOC, pp.108-125 ,
    http://jacpoc.oandp.com/library/1991_01_028.asp
  2. Abdel-Mota'al, Magdy and Jayakumar, Shanmuga: Proximal Femoral Focal
    Deficiency - Clinical Case Presentation. On WWW at
    http://gait.aidi.udel.edu/res695/homepage/pd_ortho/educate/clincase/pffd.htm
  3. Westin, G.W. and Gunderson, F.O.: Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency -
    A Review of Treatment Experience. In Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency.
    A Congenital Anomaly, pp. 100-110. Edited by G. T. Aitken. Washington, D.C.,
    National Academy of Sciences, 1969.
  4. Aitken, G.T.: Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency - Definition,
    Classification, and Management. In Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency.
    A Congenital Anomaly, pp. 1-22. Edited by G. T. Aitken. Washington, D.C.,
    National Academy of Sciences, 1969.
  5. Hall, John E.; and Bochmann, Deitrich: The Surgical and Prosthetic Management
    of Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. In Proximal Femoral Focal
    Deficiency. A Congenital Anomaly, pp. 77-99 . Edited by G. T. Aitken. Washington,
    D.C., National Academy of Sciences, 1969.
  6. Friscia, David A.; Moseley, Colin F.; and Oppenheim, William L.:
    Rotational Osteotomy for Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency. Journal of Bone
    and Joint Surgery, pp. 1386-1392, 1989
  7. Amstutz, Harlan C.: The Morphology, Natural History, and Treatment
    of Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiencies. In Proximal Femoral Focal
    Deficiency. A Congenital Anomaly, pp. 50-76. Edited by G. T. Aitken. Washington,
    D.C., National Academy of Sciences, 1969.
  8. Clark, Mary Williams: [[Things To Remember For Families of Children with Congenital or Early-Acquired Amputations]].

    In IN MOTION the official magazine of the Amputee Coalition of America,
    year unknown.

  9. Sinai Hospital Case Examples: http://www.mcllr.com/sinaibody.cfm?id=2043
  10. Damian Mc Cormack, Atlanta Case 11, Irish Journal Of Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma, Volume 6, Issue 1 2001, March ( http://www.iol.ie/~rcsiorth/journal/volume2/march/a11.htm )
  11. Dahl MT. Gulli B. Berg T. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research. (301):10-8, 1994 Apr Complications of limb lengthening. A learning curve.
  12. Rec Rose: Metatarsal Lengthening By Callus Distraction For Brachymetatarsia : Case Report and Review of the Literature. The Internet Journal of Third World Medicine. 2004. Volume 1 Number 2.
  13. Maldjian C, Patel TY, Klein RM, Smith RC. Efficacy of MRI in classifying proximal focal femoral deficiency. Skeletal Radiol. Mar 2007;36(3):215-20.
  14. Panting AL, Williams PF. Proximal femoral focal deficiency. J Bone Joint Surg Br. Feb 1978;60(1):46-52.
  15. Hillmann, J et al, Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency:
    Radiologic Analysis of 49 Cases
    . Radiology 1987; 165:769-773